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冀东抗日根据地的创建

发布时间:2020-01-08 10:07:26  来源:河北共产党员网  河北党网新闻热线:0311-87908405
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  1937年8月,洛川会议提出红军在冀东以雾灵山为中心开展游击战争创建根据地。但是,由于1938年冀东抗日暴动的成果未能巩固,创建根据地的任务没有实现。而到1940年初着手创建游击根据地时,情况已经发生很大变化。冀东区党分委接受以前只注重地理条件,忽视群众条件而失败的经验教训,根据变化了的情况,灵活地执行中央指示,重新考虑并践行冀东游击根据地的选址问题。后来冀东地方党组织在总结这方面经验时谈到:“1939年创建根据地时,首先开辟的并不是长城外的雾灵山区,而是长城里的腰带山、鲁家峪、盘山地区,而且始终以这三个地区为中心向四外扩展。这是根据实际情况作出的决定。选择根据地应是群众条件与地理条件并重。从这两方面条件来看,口内(长城以内)较口外(长城以外)有利。因冀东地区既有山地又有平原,冀东党的基础及其领导的广大抗日群众,主要是在口内之遵化、迁安、丰润、滦县、玉田、蓟县、平谷等县。这里人口稠密,物产丰富,人民的文化水平和政治觉悟较口外高,相对说日伪的统治较口外薄弱。所以,根据地的选择,主要是在口内。口外日伪‘满’统治则较强,虽有山地的好条件,但已被日伪‘满’统治了七八年之久,控制极严,部队不易站脚。而人民条件、经济条件、党的基础均不如口内好。况且绝大多数干部和战士都是在冀东土生土长的,与人民群众有血肉联系,先在口内建设根据地,可以迅速站住脚,有事半功倍之效。”

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